Population and language

Population and language

Russia is a multinational country where people speak more than 100 different languages and practice all the main religions.

In 2012 Russian total population is over 143 millions (the 8th in the world) with:

  • 81% of Russians
  • 3.9% of Tatars
  • 1.41% of Ukrainians
  • 1.16% of Bashkirs
  • 1.05% of Chuvashs
  • 1.04% of Chechens
  • 0.86% of Armenians

Also there are about 10% of other, unspecified nationalities living on entire territory of Russia.

The largest and the most populated cities

  • Moscow – about 11 514 300 people
  • St. Petersburg – about 4 848 700 people
  • Novosibirsk – about 1 473 700 people
  • Yekaterinburg – about 1 350 100 people
  • Nizhny Novgorod – about 1 250 600 people
  • Samara – about 1 164 900 people
  • Kazan – about 1 154 000 people
  • Omsk – about 1 143 600 people
  • Chelyabinsk – about 1 130 300 people
  • Rostov-on-Don – about 1 089 900 people

Russia has 14 cities with a population of over 1 million people and 23 cities a population of over 500 thousand people.

The main languages

The Russian is the only official language in Russia. But in several republics there are also co-official native languages.

For more than 92% of the population the mother tongue is Russian, but there also exists other common languages:

  • Ukrainian
  • Tatar
  • Armenian
  • Bashkir
  • Avar

In modern Russia most of young and adult people study foreign languages. According to statistics, about 8 million of people knows English fluently (German – more than 2 millions), but most of the population in big cities speak English. It is explained by compulsory studying English and other languages in schools and universities. That is why the number of people who speaks foreign languages constantly increases. 

Feel the hospitality of Russia

As far as Russia is a multinational and multicultural country, the Russian are very hospitable, benevolent and cordial people that respect all the foreign visitors and are pleased to meet tourists in their native country.

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